North Korea’s Policy Emphasis on Science and Technology in the Kim Jong Un Era and the Inter-Korean Cooperation
[Sejong Policy Brief No. 2019-12]
Department of Unification Strategy Studies
○ Despite much anticipation for stimulated inter-Korean exchange and cooperation after the Summit of 2018, the outcome has been insignificant so far.
○ To begin with, we must review the projects that can be implemented under the restrictions of denuclearization agenda and sanctions against North Korea, and then initiate the ones that prepare foundations for more expanded exchanges and economic cooperations in the future.
○ The exchanges and cooperations are more feasible if launched in the fields where South and North Koreas’ interests coincide. Specific, long-term, and stage-by-stage plans are required.
○ North Korea’s science and technology policy under the Kim Jong Un regime inherits the country’s existing policy line that emphasizes science and technology, but is also different in its stress on active application to the civilian economy.
○ In order to develop economy by developing science and technology, the current North Korean government is wiling to maximize its drive for technological catch-up, making the inter-Korean exchange and cooperation in science and technology more feasible.
○ The following points must be considered in designing the plans: exchanges in science and technology can begin with personal exchanges; they can be implemented in all areas of the society; and they can serve as a foundation for economic cooperations in the future.
※ Translator’s note: This is a summarized unofficial translation of the original paper which was written in Korean. All references should be made to the original paper.
※ This article is written based on the author’s personal opinions and does not reflect the views of the Sejong Institute.